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Quarterback Fundamentals and TechniquesQB DevelopmentDevelop the student athlete ·"You will only be as good as what your players know" ·You must Develop your players  Requirements to Look For in a QB ·Leadership - Take's charge and set's the tempo. Accountability. ·Self Discipline - Willing to put in the extra time, and be a perfectionist, willing to pay the price. ·Knowledge - Understanding of the game, and the offensive scheme. ·Have Fun - Winning is fun, and is the reason why you play the game.  QB and Coach Relationship ·This relationship must be one of mutual trust and confidence. This is developed through hard work, respect for one another and COMMUNICATION.  Making Corrections in the Techniques ·Only correct one or two problems at a time.   If the coach tries to make wholesale changes in the technique of his QB--there is a good chance the player will walk away confused and will not have learned a thing.  Passing Technique'sProper Grip For Throwing·The coach must start the mechanics of throwing here. With out a consistent and proper grip nothing can be accomplished. ·The thumb and second finger are placed so the they are an equal distance from the point of ball. ·3rd and 4th fingers are spread out comfortably over the lace of the ball. ·The index or 1st finger is about an inch from the tip of the ball ·The football will be held with the finger tips, there should be daylight between the palm of the hand and the ball. ·Ideally a loose grip works best. ·2 hands on the ball 99.9% of the time.  Pre-passing Position·Ball is chest high 1-3 inches from the breast bone ·Points of the ball perpendicular to the ground. ·Elbows comfortably at your side. ·Shoulder of non-throwing arm will be pointed at the target. ·Feet no wider than armpits. ·Grip the ball as we described earlier. Two hands on the ball. ·Head and eyes up looking down field.  Throwing Motion·Shoulders parallel to ground, and pointed at the target ·Push the bottom point of ball through with non-throwing hand ·Throwing elbow should come high and stay high until the ball is released ·Hips rotate (or coil) attempting to point "Brown Eye" at the target--at this point the ball would be at ear level and the body is cocked. ·Point the non-throwing arm at the target and thrust chest forward--the non-throwing elbow starts the forward momentum by whipping it forward. ·Stride of the lead leg (left leg for right handed QB) should be short enough so that the ball of the foot hits the ground first--not the heel. ·Pull upper body through as you lead with the elbow of the throwing arm ·Elbow and wrist should snap downward vigorously and there is a pronunciation of the wrist as thumb and index finger go to the ground and pinkie points at the sky. ·Index finger should be the last finger to leave the ball. On the following through the QB's palm is pointed outward and the thumb is pointed down. ·Throwing shoulder comes through and ends up pointing at the target ·Ball should not leave the hand until weight has shifted to lead foot ·When rolling out shorten strides a few steps before the release of the ball. This will bring the QB body under control so that he can get his shoulders square and step at the target.  Straight Drop Back Pass·Quarterback must stay on the mid-line. ·He should get as much depth as his legs length will allow. ·The QB have eyes down field as he is dropping back.    Quarter Back ExchangesQB / Center Exchange (The Most Important Part Of Every Play)1.QB hands together at palms. Knuckles of the thumb should inter-lock2.Top hand (throwing hand) should apply pressure on the Centers butt.3.Center should hit the QB's top hand. The laces of the ball are at the QB throwing fingers. Ideally the ball should arrive at a 45 degree angle. QB should not try to grab it before the ball hits hand.4.Feet should be shoulder width or less apart, toes of the QB inside the heels of the center.5.Slight knee bend. As much as needed to get good fit to the frame of the center.6.Weight should be placed on foot opposite of where play is designed to go. (No false step)7.As soon as ball is received the QB should pull it into to his body. QB / Running Back Exchange (Hand-off)1.QB always seats the ball first. Ball close to the body until he's ready to make the hand-off.2.Get as much depth as possible before the hand-off, this gives RB more time to read the hole.3.Eyes on the RB pocket, pull inside hand away (at last second) and place the ball firmly in pocket.4.Let the Back feel his way through the ball.5.Pull outside hand away as the RB goes by.6.Fake hand-off the QB pulls ball out with inside hand and leaves the outside hand in the pocket.7.CARRY OUT ALL FAKES!!! QB / Running Back Exchange (Reverse pivot pitch)1.QB always seats the ball first. Ball close to the body.2.Head and eyes come around first and lock on the target, the QB's body will follow.3.On a sweep right the ball of the right foot is the pivot point. The left foot will be swung around to about 200 degrees of the QB starting position under the Center. It is preferred that the QB opens his hips to far then not far enough to avoid him from throwing across his body.4.The football should be at the right upper hip with knee's bent and the right elbow high in the air and thumbs pointed at the ground to begin the release. The ball should be tossed to the running back in such a way that the back can run to the ball and catch it in stride.5.The QB shall then go down the right side of the line cut up off-tackle and seal off the inside. On some plays the QB may be ask to seal the back side pursuit.

Rick Allison & John Stanton.
Copyright © 1996 [The Zone]. All rights reserved.
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